ESG Data Guide 2024

World Resources Institute - LandMark

Data category

  • Environmental data
  • Governance data
  • Social data

The data offers solutions for:

  • Nature-based information: Land use
  • Social impact analysis and insight

Who are the data users?

  • Corporates
  • Financial institutions
  • Government
  • Investors
  • Trustees
  • Indigenous Peoples, communities and civil society organisations; Development assistance agencies;Citizens and civil society groups; Researchers and academia

Brief description of the data offering

LandMark is the first online, interactive global platform to provide maps and other critical information on lands that are collectively held and used by Indigenous Peoples and local communities. LandMark provides several categories of data to show the land tenure situation for Indigenous Peoples and communities, as well as potential pressures on their lands, changes in land cover over time, and their contributions to protecting the environment.

Where and how do you source your data?

LandMark aims to display the best-quality data available from reputable organisations and recognised experts, but does not endorse or verify the accuracy of any dataset (see Data Quality). The platform includes maps and data on indigenous and community lands that are publicly available as well as information directly from individuals and organizations with their permission as detailed in a data-sharing agreement. The contributing individuals and organizations, which are documented in the Data Providers tab, are fully responsible for the accuracy of the data. Users are encouraged to report any errors, omissions, or inconsistencies to the LandMark Operational Team ( and the appropriate data provider. Amendments will be made on a periodic basis.

What is the cost for your data offering?

No cost. LandMark was developed to fill a critical gap in information on indigenous and community land rights.

National-level data are downloadable as Excel (xls) spreadsheets. Data are generated from research (e.g., legal reviews, literature reviews, interviews), expert knowledge, and spatial data analysis. Lists of primary sources and methods are available in the National Level Data and Methods tab or in the attribute table accessible by clicking on the geographic features in the interactive map.

Some Community level data are downloadable through LandMark while other data are accessible via the original source website or contact information. All of the information about download availability is located in the Data Providers tab. The entire LandMark Community level data set is not available for download due to varying data sharing agreements with data providers.