ESG Data Guide 2024

Carbon4 Finance - CIARA – Carbon Impact Analytics for Real Assets

Data category

  • Environmental data
  • Rankings
  • Ratings
  • Research data
  • Verification/Certification/External opinion

The data offers solutions for:

  • Carbon footprinting
  • Climate scenario analysis
  • Environmental impact analysis and insight
  • Geospatial/location data
  • Investment decisions and portfolio insight
  • Nature-based information
  • Nature-based information: Biodiversity
  • Nature-based information: Land use
  • Nature-based information: Water
  • Norms-based screening
  • Physical risk
  • Reporting: CSRD
  • Reporting: ISSB standards
  • Reporting: Impact
  • Reporting: Other Regulations
  • Reporting: SEC climate
  • Reporting: SFDR
  • Reporting: TCFD
  • Reporting: TNFD
  • Reporting: UN SDGs
  • Temperature alignment

Who are the data users?

  • Corporates
  • Financial institutions
  • Investors

Brief description of the data offering

CIARA - Climate Impact Analytics for Real Assets – is a methodology for infrastructure investors. Through a set of indicators related to climate issues (impact on the climate, alignment with the Paris Agreement, vulnerabilities to climate risks), we enable investors to understand the real assets they hold (post-investment) or that they wish to hold (pre-investment).

Providing our clients with such indicators is essential, especially for this asset class that is so structuring for our economies and in our clients' portfolios.

In this context, CIARA is useful in several ways. In the pre-investment phase, it helps make informed investment decisions. In the post-investment phase, it helps identify levers to improve it and report in line with regulations and investor expectations.

Carbone 4 coverage includes :
Hydropower plant
Ocean-based power
Onshore wind power plant
Offshore wind power plant
Coal upstream (extraction)
Coal-fuelled heat production plant 
Coal-fired power plant
Coal-fuelled combined heat & power production
Coal-fired power plant with CCS
H2 production - Fossil-based w/o CCS
H2 production - Fossil-based + CCS
Gas upstream (extraction)
Gas transport network
Gas distribution network
Gas downstream (Processing plant - cleaning & byproduct recovery)
Gas-fuelled heat production plant
Gas-fired power plant

Gas-fired power plant with CCS

Gas-fuelled combined heat & power production
Oil upstream (extraction)
Oil storage
Oil pipeline
Oil downstream (refining-processing)
Oil-fuelled heat production plant
Oil-fired power plant
Oil-fuelled combined heat & power production
Methanation plant (biogas production)
Biogas-fuelled combined heat & power production
Biomass-fuelled heat production plant
Biomass power plant
Biomass-fuelled combined heat & power production
Fatal heat power plant
Fatal heat combined heat &power production
Geothermal heat production plant
Geothermal power plant
Geothermal combined heat & power production
Concentrated solar power plant
Solar PV power plant
Nuclear power plant
Heat pump (industrial)
H2 production - Electrolyser
Power storage - pumped-hydro
Power storage - batteries
District heat network
Power transport - overhead
Power transport - land underground
Power distribution network
H2 fueling station - supplied with electrolysed H2
Roads (highway)
Charging stations for electric vehicles
Railway network
Railways - rolling stock
Train station
Bus lanes - Short distance
Bus lanes - Long distance
Tram network
Metro network
Bike path
Airport - passengers
Airport - freight
Ferry line
Freight port
Fixed network (e.g.: fibre)
Mobile network (e.g.: 3G/4G)
Data centre
Water desalination plant
Potabilisation plant
Wastewater treatment plant
Water distribution network
Sort-out plant
Recycling plant
Incineration plant
Composting plant
Building dedicated to education (e.g. university)
Building dedicated to sports
Housing units

Where and how do you source your data?

Carbon footprint assessment depends on two main factors: physical activity data that come directly from our clients and emission factors that come from public databases.

To assess the temperature of the infrastructure, we need to model its performance using physical data from our clients. We then compare the modelled performance with a reference carbon budget derived from the International Energy Agency scenarios.

For physical risk assessment, we need very little information on the infrastructure (notably its location) to understand its exposition and vulnerability to physical risks. The climate hazards come from climate models, such as CORDEX.

What is the cost for your data offering?

The pricing policy depends on the number of lines and on the number of indicators chosen. Feel free to contact if you need extra information about our prices.