Guide to ESG data providers :: Norm-Based Research

Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. - Norm-Based Research

Data category

  • Environmental data
  • Social data
  • Governance data

What data do you provide?

ISS ESG’s Norm-Based Research evaluates corporate adherence to global norms on environmental protection, human rights, labour standards, and anti-corruption. Global norms are set out in international initiatives and guidelines such as the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, the ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Norm Enterprises and Social Policy, the UN Global Compact and the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Implementing the United Nations 'Protect, Respect and Remedy Framework'. 

Assessment signals and scores applied in Norm-Based Research are categorized according to a traffic-light system of red, amber and green and a score of 10 – 1, respectively. Scores are assigned to each company. Research includes coverage of approximately 23,000 issuers including around 15,500 publicly listed companies.

Where and how do you source your data?

Through its Controversy Research, ISS ESG employs media monitoring on more than 30,000 international sources using the Factiva database to identify current or potential controversies. Once identified, ISS ESG conducts comprehensive assessments based on a range of reputable public sources to determine corporate culpability for the controversy, the severity of the breach, and to what extent and with what success the company has taken steps to mitigate the impact. Once culpability is determined, the company is subject to Norms-Based Screening. 

ISS ESG undertakes a comprehensive analysis of relevant controversies with respect to numerous business practices and areas. Only sources classified by ISS ESG as trustworthy are used to assess facts.