Japan's ground-breaking climate transition bond (CTB) secured a "reasonable" greenium, and it is preparing to return to the market at the end of March with a two-year bond to complement the existing five-year deal.
Chinese onshore sustainability-linked bond (SLB) issuance fell in 2023 after a record 2022 as issuers were "less incentivised" to offer material and credible structures for investors, according to Sustainable Fitch.
Dedicated green bond investors largely avoided the ground-breaking 'nuclear' green bond from French energy firm EDF, according to Barclays - but there was "good demand" from sustainable investors more widely.
Snam has raised €1.5 billion ($1.6 billion) from a dual-tranche green and sustainability-linked bond, as the Italian energy infrastructure firm stepped back from the 'transition' bond label it helped pioneer.
Offshore Chinese sustainable bond issuance slumped a third in 2023 as issuance from the country's ailing property sector contracted significantly, according to Sustainable Fitch - but onshore issuance continued to grow.
Snam has been awarded the inaugural Moody's 'Net Zero Assessment' (NZA) score, with the Italian energy infrastructure firm praised for its "clear" Scope 1 and 2 emissions reduction plan but was warned of challenging Scope 3 "hurdles".